Spore Research 1976. Volume 2


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Palynology: principles and applications. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists Foundation, 3 vols. Natuurhistorisch Museum Maastricht, Maastricht. American Association of Stratigraphic palynologists contributions series number p. Geologisches Jahrbuch A Scottish journal of geology Journal of micropaleontology 4: p. Baudin, F. Exemple d'une sedimentation anoxique conservee dans une paleo-marge en distension. Bulletin de la Societe geologique, France 6: Bebout, J.

Palynology 5: Beck, A. Government Printer, Wellington. Beeston, J. Queensland geology 6: Beggs, J. New Zealand Geological Survey report G 27 pp. Belsky, C. Palaontologische Zeitschrift Bennie, J. Proceedings of the Royal Physical Society of Edinburgh 9: Bera, S. Journal of palynology Beri, A. Paul-Countiana, porto Alegre 3: Parte 1: espora, algas prasinofitas y acritarcas. Berbitskaya, Z.

Laboratoriya geologii uglya. Moscow-Leningrad pp. Bercovici, A. Berry, P. Australian systematic botany 3: Bettar, I. Revue de paleobiologie, Geneve Beutler, G. Bhandri, L. Proceedings of the 4th Colloquium on Indian micropalaeontology and stratigraphy: Bharadwaj, D. The Palaeobotanist 4: Morphography of Sporae Dispersae. The palaeobotanist Biological memoirs 1: Kerman area.

Biological memoirs Zirab area. Description of Sporae Dispersae. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 6: Bhattacharyya, D.

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Bihl, G. Bulletin of Canadian petroleum geology Bint, A. Australian journal of botany Bishop, D. Bityuskaya, P. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo naucho-issledovatel'skogo Geologo-razvedochnogo Institut Bjaerke, T. Palynomorphs from the Mesozoic sequence of Kong Karls Land. Arbok norsk Polarinstitut Norsk Polarinstitut, skrifter number Boitzova, E. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo nauch-issledovatel'skogo Geologo-razvedochnogo Institut pp [in Russian].

Bolkhovitina, N. Trudy Geologicheskogo instituta. Trudy Geologicheskogo Instituta. Moskva, nauka, [in Russian]. Bond, T. Pollen et spores Bondarenko, N. M, Angiosperm pollen from Upper Cretaceous deposits of the western regions in the central part of the Soviet Arctic. Publishing House Nauka [in Russian].

Bonis, N. Bose, M. Journal of scientific and industrial research Delhi , series B. Annales de Musee de l'Afrique Centrale, serie in-octavo, Coal measures near Lake Tanganyika, south of Albertville. Annales de Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, serie in-octavo, Bourdier, F. Boutet, C. Bowen, F. New Zealand Geological Survey bulletin n.

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New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics Bowen, R. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America Braman, D. Canadian journal of earth science Bratseva, G. Akademiya nauk SSSR 42 pp. Moskva, nauka [in Russian]. Review of palaeobotany and palynology 2: Trudy Geologichskogo Instituta. Akademiya nauk SSSR 56 pp. Bratzeva, G. Brede, R. Geologisches jahrbuch Hessen Brelie, G. Fortschritte in der Geologie von Rheinland ynd Westfalen Brenner, G. Brenner, W. Brideaux, W. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 85 pp. Browne, G. Browne, K.

Energy Research and Development report RD 43 pp. Bruch, A. Tubinger Mikropalaontologische Mitteilungen p. Brugman, W. Journal of micropaleontology 4: Bujak, J. Developments in paleontology and stratigraphy 6. Bujnovsky, A. Geologicke prace, spravy Buratti, N. Revista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia Burden, E. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists contribution series number pp.

Burger, D. Geologie en mijnbouw Leidse geologische mededelingen Geological Society of Australia, special publication number 4: Queensland Government Mining Journal Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, Memoir 5. Queensland Department of Mines Report 3: Burger D. Busnardo, R. Revue de micropaleontologie 7: Bussell, M. Butterworth, W. Caccavari, M. Campbell, H. Penguin books, Hong Kong, p. Campbell, J. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, geology 3 8 : Campos, C. Geociencias 3: Candilier, A. Canright, J. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany special publication number 3: pp.

Cantrill, D. International journal of plant science Terra Antartica 5: Cazzulo-Klepzig, M. Journal of South American earth sciences Cesari, S. Chaloner, W. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh. Chalyshev, V.

Chanda, S. Grana palynologica 3: Chandra, A. Palaeobotanist Chang, L. Acta paleontologica Sinica Chapman, J. Taxonomic implications for paleopalynology. Chateauneuf, J. Note du Laboratoire de Paleontologie de l'Universite de Geneve 2 8 : Memoire du Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres number pp.

Les Stratotypes Francais 5: pp. Acta micropalaeontologica Sinica Acta micropaleontologia Sinica Journal of stratigraphy 7: Chernyavska, S. Geologica Balcanica 20 3 : Chesters, K. Geological Society of London. Chitaley, S. Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India Chlonova, A. Pollen et spores 4 : Transactions of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics Chmura, C. Christophel, D. Christopher, R. Cirilli, S. The Triassic timescale. Geological Society, London special publication Clarke, R. Palaeontology 8: Clement-Westerhof, J. Geologie en Mijnbouw Coquel, R.

Palaeontographica Abt. B, : Coetzee, J. Palaeoecology of Africa Late Cainozoic palaeoenvironments of southern Africa. Palaeontologia Africana South African journal of science Bothalia Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Grana Coimbra, J. Geobios Colmenares, O. Conran, J. Cookson, I.

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Australian journal of science, series B, 3: Australian journal of botany 1: Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria, Melbourne Australian journal of botany 2: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria Nature Micropaleontology 4: Palaeontology 4: Australian journal of scientific research 4: Subsection Bipartitae Steen.

Micropaleontology 5: Corna, O. Cornet, B. Geoscience and man Corsin, P. Annales de la Societe Geologique du Nord Couper, R. New Zealand journal of science and technology B Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand New Zealand Geological Survey palaeontological bulletin 77 pp. Geological magazine The new phytologist A systematic and stratigraphic study. New Zealand Geological Survey palaeontological bulletin 87 pp. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists special publication number New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics 3: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Nederlands geologisch mijnbouwkundig genootschap, Geologische serie Courtinat, B.

Groups compared with the recent Araucaria excelsa R. Bulletin de l'Institut Scientifique, Rabat Cousminer, H. Journal of paleontology Cramer, F. Paleobiologie continentale Cranwell, L. Records of the Auckland Institute and Museum 2: New Zealand journal of science and technology 22B: Key to the pollen grains of families and genera in the native flora.

Record of the Auckland Institute and Museum 2: The Monocotyledons. Bulletin of the Auckland Institute and Museum 3: 91 pp. Geografiska Annaler Palynology 33 1 : Cros, P. Sciences geologiques bulletin Crosbie, Y. New Zealand Geological Survey record 8: Csaszar, G. Geologica Hungarica, series geologica pp. Daemon, R. Anais 24 Congresso Brasileiro de Geologia, Brazilia Daghlian, C. Dallwitz, M. Daly, R. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology Danze, J. Compte rendu hebdomadaire des seances de l'Academie des sciences Danze-Corsin, P.

Memoirs de la Societe Geologique du Nord Das, D. Datta, A. Daugherty, L. Carnegie Institute of Washington, publication pp. Davies, E. Canadian technical report of hydrography and ocean sciences number multi-paginated. Dawson, F. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 59 pp.

Deak, M. Bulletin of the Hungarian Geological SDociety Revue de micropaleontologie 5: Deb, U. Proceedings of the seminar on paleopalynology and Indian stratigraphy, Calcutta Debout, J. B-2 well, Baltimore Canyon, Atlantic outer continental shelf. Palynology 4: Decommer, H. Deflandre, G. Memoires de l'Academie de Science, Paris Dejax, J. Queensland Government mining journal Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 14 pp.

Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 27 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 18 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 15 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 21 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 44 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 29 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 41 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 49 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 40 pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 39 pp.

Geological Survey of Queensland publication number 61 pp. New Zealand Geological Survey paleontological bulletin pp. Delcourt, A. Memoires de la Societe Geologique de Belgique, nouvelle series in quarto 5: Demchuk, T. Canadian journal of earth sciences Antarctica at the close of a millennium. Royal Society of New Zealand bulletin Depeche, F. Revue of micropaleontologie Dettmann, M. Geological Society of Australia, special publication no.

Memoir of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 3: Geological Society special publication no. Cretaceous vegetation: the microfossil record. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum Geological Society of Australia Special Publication 5. Memoir of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 5: Canadian journal of botany Australian systematic botany Pollen and spores: morphology and biology.

Royal Botanic Gradens, Kew. Australian National University Press, Canberra. New Zealand Geological Survey paleontological bulletin 79 pp. British Antarctic Survey bulletin number Dev, S. The Palaeobotanist 8: Palaeontologia africana Dibner, A.

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Dickson, M. Dieguez, C. Dietrich, J. Acta micropalaeontological Sinica Di Pasquo, M. Dogra, N. Dolby, J. Dolding, P. Antarctic science 4: Acta micropalaeontologica Sinica 8: Dorhofer, G. American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists contribution series number 5B: Doring, H. Geologie Beiheft 10 32 : Geologie Beihefte 13 9 : Geologie Beihefte 14 47 : Abhandlungen des Zentralen Geologischen Instituts 1: Abhandlungen des Zentralen Geologischen Instituts 8: Doubinger, J.

Compte rendu sommaire des Seances de la Societe Geologique de France 6 : Revista Espanola de micropaleontologia 7: Premiere datation des Gres Huancane. Sciences Geologique bulletin Strasbourg Cretaceous research 2: Douglas, J. Geological Survey of Victoria, memoir pp. Doyle, J. Diversification of early angiosperm pollen in a cladistic context.

Systematic Association special volume number Palynology 1: Drinnan, A. Drugg, W. Duane, A. Du Bao-an, Sporo-pollen assemblages from the middle Jurassic in the Wangjiashan Basin of Jing-yuan, Gansu, and their stratigraphic and paleogeographic significance. Geological review Dudgeon, M. University of Queensland, Department of Geology papers Memoir of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 1: Duenas, H. Duigan, S. Dulhunty, J. Dunay, R.

Duringer, P. Dutta, S. Stratigraphy and palynology of South Shillong Plateau. Dybkjaer, K. Danmarks Geologiske Undersogelse serie A, pp. Dybova, S. Poland Instytut Geologiczny, Prace pp. Ecke, H. Neues jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Abhandlungen Edet, J. Eisawi, A. Eisenack, A. Stuttgart, E. Schwerzerbart: pp. Ela, N. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie, Monatshefte El-Beialy, S. Newsletters on stratigraphy Ellis, H. El-Nakhal, H.

El-Saadawi, W. Palaeobotanical investigations on plant impressions and sporomorphs from Egypt. Szeged 2. El-Shamma, A. El-Soughier, M. Revista Espanola de micropaleontologia 42; Elsik, W. Morphology and taxonomy. Morphology and taxonomy end. Pollen et spores 21 : Engelhardt, D. Mississippi Geological, Economic and Topographical Survey bulletin Ercegovac, M. Annales Geologiques de la Peninsula Balkanique Annales Geologiques de la Peninsule Balkaniques 60 2 : Erdtman, G. Chronica Botanica Co.

Svensk botanisk tidskrift An introduction to palynology, I. Eshet, Y. Palynological aspects of the Permo-Triassic succession in the subsurface of Israel. Geological Survey of Israel bulletin 42 pp. Palynostratigraphy of the Jurassic succession in the subsurface of Israel.

Geological Survey of Israel bulletin 39 pp. Evans, P. Bureau of Mineral Resources, geology and geophysics Australia, bulletin Evitt, W. Geoscience and man 7: Fabricio, M. Pesquisas Faddeeva, I. Faegri, K. Munksgaard, Copenhagen 2 ed. Fairchild, W. Falcon, R. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Rhodesia Unpublished Ph. Farabee, M. Fasola, A. Ameghiniana 6: Unpublished thesis, The Ohio State University: pp. Felix, C. Journal of micropaleontology 7: Fensome, R. Paleontologia Canadiana 4: Ferguson, D. International journal of coal geology Fernandez-Marron, M.

Fielding, C. Australian journal of earth sciences Fijalkowska, A. Kwartalnik Geologiczny Geological Quarterly Filatoff, J. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland Filatoff J. Palaeontographic Abteilung B , pl. Fisher, M. Foster, C. Geological Survey of Queensland publication pp. Geological Survey of Queensland publication 33 pp. Fournier, G.

Frechengues, M. Frederiksen, N. Tulane studies in geology and paleontology Geological Survey professional paper 75 pp. Middle Eocene to early Oligocene plant communities of the Gulf Coast. Hutchinson Ross Publishing Company, Stroudsburg. Angiosperm pollen and miscellanea.

American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists contribution series number Geological Survey professional paper 68 pp. Geological Survey bulletin E: 24 pp. Freile, C. Revista del Museo de la Plata, seccion paleontologia n. Freudenthal, T. Acta botanica neerlandica Friis, E. Acta palaeontologia Sinica Gamerro, J. Ameghiniana 5: Gan Zhen-bo, Spores and pollen from the Xiahuayuan Formation in Hebei and their stratigraphical significance. Acta Palaeontologia Sinica Acta Palaeontologica Sinica Petroleum Industry Press, Beijing. Gaponoff, S.

Palynology 8: Garcia, G. Parte I: esporas. Parte II: granos de polen, incertae sedis, acritarcas. Garcia, V. Revista Espanola de micropaeontologia Gasparik, J. Zapadne Karpaty Geiger, M. Philisophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B, Geleta, S. Tubinger Mikropalaontologische Mittleilungen nr. Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontology monatshefte 5 : Germeraad, J. Getahun, B. Chiang Mai, Thailand. Gilby, A. Glikson, M. Israel journal of earth sciences Goczan, F. Annales Instituti geologici. Publici Hungarici Acta geologica 8: Palaontologische Abhandlungen B 2: Gomankov, A.

Gonzalez-Amicon, O. Gonzalez-Guzman, A. Brill, Leiden: 68 pp. Gottesfeld, A. Gotz, A. Goubin, N. Revue de l'Institut Francais du Petrole Revue de micropaleontology 7: Gray, T. Dennstaedtiaceae; D. Acrostichum; E-F. Adiantum; G. Cheilanthes; H-I. Pityrogramma; J. Pteris; K. Figure 5. Blechnum; B. Microgramma; C-D. Polypodium; E. Freshwater microalgae: F. Botryococcus; G. Debarya; H.

Zygnema; I. Spirogyra; J. Fungal frutification: K. Fungal spore: L. Thirty palynomorphs have been identified, described, and photographed. Two types of Bryophyte spores sensu lato have been identified: Sphagnum and Phaeoceros ; 21 types of Pteridophyte spores , with 3 types being lycophytes Lycopodium , Lycopodiella and Selaginella and 18 pteridophytes or monilophytes Marattiaceae, Anemia , Lygodium , Alsophila , Cyatheaceae, Hemitelia , Lophosoria , Dennstaedtiaceae, Acrostichum , Adiantum , Cheilanthes , Pityrogramma , Pteris , Asplenium , Blechnum , Microgramma , Polypodium and Vittaria , four freshwater algae Botryococcus , Debarya , Zygnema and Spirogyra , 1 incertae sedis Pseudoschizaea , 1 fungal spore Diporisporites and 1 fungal fruiting body Microthyrium Figs.

Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size, radially symmetric, heteropolar, sub-triangular in polar view. Psilate exosporium, perine is absent. Equatorial axis: Ecological Data: peat bog moss usually found in waterlogged areas and in moist acidic soils of forests and restinga, swamps and wetlands, river and lake margins, and grasslands. Core Record: E. Table 2. Relationships between plant spores registered in this work and the present-day taxa occurrence in plant communities at "Jurubatiba Coastal Woodlands National Park" Rio de Janeiro State. Description: trilete spores, monads, medium-large size, radially symmetric, heteropolar, circular to sub-triangular in polar view.

Rugulate to reticulate-echinate exosporium. Ecological data: moist soils and shaded areas with fully developed vegetation cover, such as river margins, agricultural fields, or associated with other bryophytes Menendez Reticulate exosporium. Reticulate exosporium with evenly distributed small pits, perine is absent.

Comments: resembles Lycopodiella aloperculoides L. Ecological Data: dry land herbaceous commonly found in the lowland Atlantic rain forest and restinga, it is a component of wetland herbaceous formation associated with Drosera intermedia , Lindsea stricta var. Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size, radially symmetric, heteropolar, circular to sub-triangular in polar view. Baculate exosporium, perine is absent. Ecological Data: moist environments Lorscheitter et al. Also recorded in mesophillous woodlands at m a. Description: monolete spores, monads, medium size, bilaterally symmetric, heteropolar, with ellipsoidal shape.

Echinated exosporium, with spines distributed throughout the surface, perine is absent. Longest Equatorial axis: Polar axis: Comments: resambles Danaea spp. Description: trilete spores, monads, large size, radially symmetric, heteropolar, subtriangular. Striate exosporium cicatricose with bacula of varying length. Longest equatorial axis: Short equatorial axis: Ecological Data: herbaceous species present in several habitats, such as shaded areas, hills, and roadsides Lorscheitter et al. References: Garcia and Macedo et al.

Description: trilete spores, monads, medium-large size, radially symmetric. Verrucate exosporium, perine is present. Longest axis: Ecological Data: herbaceous species present in humid tropical forests of South and Central America, Atlantic Rain Forest lowlands and highlands , restinga and disturbed vegetation. Also recorded in peat bogs of intermediate valley of Paraiba do Sul River Garcia Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size, radially symmetric, with triangular amb.

Scabrate exosporium, and psilate perine. Axes: Ecological Data: arborescent species present in primary and secondary forest formations in the south and southeast Brazil. Its caudex is used as microhabitat by other pteridophytes that are epyphytes e. References: Garcia Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size, radially symmetric. Verrucate to granulate exosporium, perine is sometimes present. Psilate exosporium, with 3 perforations distributed in the equatorial zone.

Ecological Data: arborescent fern from temperate climate, mainly found in the lower portions of montains Lorente apud Santos et al. Description: trilete spores, monads, large size, radially symmetric, semi-circular shape. Granulate-tuberculate exosporium in proximal view and foveolate exosporium in distal view. Thin microreticulate perine. Comments: resembles Lophosoria quadripinnata J. Ecological Data: arborescent ferns 2. Also recorded in mesophilous woods at m a. Verrucate exosporium. Axes: 47 x Occurrence: lowland and highland Atlantic Rain Forest, and restinga. Verrucate exosporium, with granulate perine.

Ecological Data: herbaceous species present in lowland Atlantic Rain Forest, restinga and secondary vegetation. Commonly found in mangroves. Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size, radially symmetric, isopolar. Rugulate to verrucate exosporium, perine is absent. Ecological Data: herbaceous species present in forests, humid and shaded places, or exposed rocks Winter et al.

Also recorded in Mesophilous woodlands at m a. Description: trilete spores, monads, radially symmetric, isopolar, and subcircular shape. Psilate to scabrate exosporium, perine is absent. Ecological Data: herbaceous species from montane forests. References: Garcia and Gomez-Noguez et al. Description: trilete spores, monads, radially symmetric, subtriangular shape. Fossulate exosporium with fossulae concentrated in the center of spores, perine is absent.

Comments: resembles Pityrogramma calomelanos L. Description: trilete spores, monads, radially symmetric, heteropolar, with triangular shape. Exosporium verrucate to regulate in the distal pole while being psilate in the proximal pole. Resembles Pteris genus recorded by Macedo et al. Ecological Data: herbaceous plant with a preference for humid forests on hills, creeks and river margins, and shaded steep hills Prado References: Macedo et al.


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Description: monolete spores, monads, bilaterally symmetric. Psilate exosporium, with echinate, verrucate or reticulate perine. Ecological Data: herbaceous plant that might be rupiculous, commonly found within woodlands, on humid and shaded areas Lorscheitter et al. Description: monolete spores, monads, bilaterally symmetric, ellipsoidal shape, concave-convex. Psilate exosporium with two layers of same thickness.

Description

Ecological Data: herbaceous to arborescent plant, epiphyte, hemiepyphyte, or rupiculous habit. Invasive species, along with Pteridium aquilinum var. Description: trilete spores, monads, medium-large size, bilaterais, triangular shape. Verrucate to reticulate exosporium, perine is presente. Polar diameter: Description: monolete spores, monads, medium to large size, heteropolar, and bilaterally symmetric, with concave-convex shape. Description: trilete spores, monads, medium size.

Psilate exosporium with a well-defined laesura, perine is absent. Ecological Data: epiphyte or rupiculous habit, rarely on the ground of Atlantic Rain Forest, below m a. Comments : Vittaria lineata may produce a larger than average quantity of trilete and monolete spores Lorscheitter et al. Description: colonies of lobed cells, held together by mucilage, varies in size, irregular shape with psilate surface, yellow to dark-brown color.

Dimensions : Ecological Data: widely distributed from tropical to temperate regions. Reproduction takes place in calm or stagnant waters, such as lakes, swamps, bogs, marshes, although it can stand relatively higher salinity of other environments, such as mangroves and estuaries. References: Freitas et al. Description: zygospores, medium size, spherical shape, formed by two radially symmetric valves, Psilate in the central zone, and slightly granulate and striate in the equatorial zone, hyaline body. Ecological Data: cosmopolitan in oligotrophic lacustrine, shallow and clear freshwater environments.

Also present in fertile soils, and lakes and peat bog margins. Description: zygospores, medium size, spherical to ellipsoidal shape, hyaline body. Psilate with small grooves evenly spread throughout the surface. Description: zygospores, large size, ellipsoidal shape, reticulate, hyaline body.

Largest diameter: Ecological Data: freshwater species Bourrely apud Cancelli et al. Pseudoschizaea Thiergart and Frantz emend. Christopher Fig. Description: circular to ellipsoidal tests in polar view , medium size, inaperturate, hyaline body, striate surface with concentric striae. Diameter in frontal view: Comments: synonym of Concentricites Rossignol apud Christopher Ecological Data: coastal environments with freshwater influence Medeanic et al.

References: Christopher Description: ascospore with subcircular shape, medium size, with subrectangular and irregular cells, striate surface, dark brown color. A central ostiole is absent. Comments: the immature forms of Microthyrium resemble genus Callimothallus Dilcher Ecological Data: widely distributed in tropical regions, used as indicators for humidity and warm climate Elsik Microthyrium has been recorded as a tree pathogen e. Description: bilaterally symmetric spores, fusiform shape, medium size, unicelate, diporate, with pores located on the extremities, psilate surface, dark brown color.

Ecological Data: a fungus spore characteristic of humid or drenched soils. Frequently recorded in tropical and subtropical regions, in coastal environments, such as lagoons and mangroves, and marine sediments. Are used to suggest humid conditions and a warm climate Elsik Also recorded in quaternary sediments of Foz do Amazonas Basin Carvalho The taxonomy data and morphological descriptions allowed the identification of 30 different palynomorphs, including bryophyte sensu lato and pterydophyte spores, freshwater microalgi, and fungal spores.

The ecological informations provided by these palynomorphs help to reveal paleoenvironmental conditions, from the coastal plains, coastal tablelands, and hills near Campos Basin. The spores from plants could be associated to the vegetation types found today in the continent, such as ombrophilous Atlantic Rainforest , semi-deciduous forest, herbaceous and forest-swampy coastal vegetation.

The freshwater microalgi and the microfungi confirm the influence of periodic and permanent flooded environments, swamp forests and aquatic environments. The plant spores found in these sediments from the continental slope suggest the high input of terrigenous during the last glacial stadial, coincident with the low sea level during the Late Pleistocene Last Glacial Maximum. We thank Dr. Elizabete P. Hoenhea Acta Botanica Brasilica Palynological data from Quaternary deposits of two lakes in the northern region of the state of Rio de Janeiro. Palynology: principles and applications.

Behling H. South and southeast Brazilian grassland during Late Quaternary times: a synthesis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology; Palaeoecology Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology Slope sedimentary facies associated with Pleistocene and Holocene sea level changes, Campos basin, southeast Brazilian Margin. Sedimentary Geology Carvalho MA. Paleoecological and paleoclimatic studies based on palynology of Pliocene and Pleistocene sediments from the Foz do Amazonas Basin, Brazil.

Christopher RA. Morphology and taxonomic status of Pseudoschizaea Thiergart and Frantz ex R. Potonie Emend.

Spore Research 1976. Volume 2 Spore Research 1976. Volume 2
Spore Research 1976. Volume 2 Spore Research 1976. Volume 2
Spore Research 1976. Volume 2 Spore Research 1976. Volume 2
Spore Research 1976. Volume 2 Spore Research 1976. Volume 2
Spore Research 1976. Volume 2 Spore Research 1976. Volume 2

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