With its mix of beach living and religious history you can soak up the sun while Biblical scholars can get their daily dose of religious history. The leading attraction at the Dead Sea is the warm, soothing, super salty water itself — some ten times saltier than sea water, and rich in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, bromine and several others. The unusually warm, incredibly buoyant and mineral-rich waters have attracted visitors since ancient times, including King Herod the Great and the beautiful Egyptian Queen, Cleopatra.
All of whom have luxuriated in the Dead Sea's rich, black, stimulating mud and floated effortlessly on their backs while soaking up the water's healthy minerals along with the gently diffused rays of the Jordanian sun. Name in Arabic.
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A modern city built on the sands of time Read More. A rose red city half as old as time In around , the sea level fell below the elevation of an east west ridge, leading to the division of the Dead Sea into two parts, a deep northern basin and a much shallower southern basin. Curiously enough, the water level of the southern basin has been rising in recent years.
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This is due to the deposit of commercially unattractive salts at the bottom of the basin, leading to a rise in the water level. In the surrounding mountains, in the oases, marshes, and in temporary rivulets many plants and animals occur, among them leopards, the antelope species steenbok, and the griffon vulture. The Jordan Valley and the Dead Sea basin are among the most important migration routes for the Black and White Stork and many other bird species on their migration route from the breeding areas in Eastern Europe and the Middle East to Africa.
The landscape is characterised by a rock massif. Subtropical vegetation, however, is found in the oasis Ein Gedi on the western shore of the Dead Sea, where bananas, dates, and grapes are cultivated. The water level of the Dead Sea is decreasing at an alarming rate. In , the water level was around m below mean sea level and in m. Over the last three decades of the 20th century the Dead Sea has lost a third of its surface area and every year its water level declines by about 1.
This development has numerous negative effects:.
The Dead Sea Is Dying
With the receding shore of the Dead Sea, estuarine ecosystems have also begun to disappear. The decreased inflow of freshwater into the lake resulted in the fact that the salinity of the Dead Sea has increased to such a point that the few life-forms that live in the lake hypersaline-tolerant bacteria are at risk.
The lake might, thus, live up to its name and truly become dead. Groundwater from adjacent aquifers flows seawards to replace the retreating seawater, which leads to a drop in surrounding groundwater levels. Over 3, sinkholes have appeared around the periphery of the Dead Sea. These sinkholes are underground craters that are formed when subterranean salt layers are dissolved by fresh water following the receding Dead Sea water.
They can collapse at any time without warning and have already destroyed buildings, roads, and agricultural lands. The sudden appearance of these sinkholes not only hinders development plans, but also poses a threat to any person wandering around in this area.
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In recent years, there has been a decline in international tourist visits to the Dead Sea, which can be attributed to the decreasing sea water level. Tourism provides thousands of jobs in the Dead Sea basin, which are threatened by the severe environmental degradation of the lake. Of the 1. In addition, water diversion and solar evaporation carried out by mineral extraction companies along the southern basin of the lake have contributed to the decline of the water level.
New study solves one of the biggest mysteries in the Dead Sea - ISRAEL21c
The Dead Sea can only be saved through joint efforts of the neighbouring countries. Recently, the World Bank published a feasibility study of the project, concluding that it would be feasible from an engineering, environmental and economic standpoint. Further information on the Red Sea — Dead Sea conduit and its consequences can be found here.
Further information Detailed Data. Jordan River Rehabilitation Project. Threatened Lake of the Year DE EN.
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